1. Understand what a research question is and does
The research question of your thesis sets not only the reader’s expectation of what results to expect from your thesis but also guides yourself by providing a clear goal that has to be fulfilled through the research and writing process. It is stated in the Introduction Section of your thesis.
Usually you should state one exact research questions as a single sentence in your thesis. However, sometimes your supervisor will ask for multiple research questions to reduce complexity by breaking down the research problem. These multiple research questions should all be clearly connected and focused around the central research problem.
A strong research question addresses the following criteria:
It is not answerable with a simple “yes” or “no,” but rather requires synthesis and analysis of ideas and data sources prior to composition of an answer
It is expressed in few, concrete words
It focusses on a single/concrete research problem/gap
It addresses a problem/research gap relevant to your field of study and - in the best case - addresses calls of researchers to close a research gap/ conduct future research
It should be possible to answer it with common qualitative and quantitative research methods and within the requirements of your thesis
What are the criteria for a strong research question? What are common mistakes? How to avoid them?
How do questions and methods interact? What does the formulation of the question mean for the methods?